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A designer designs models by means of sketching on blank paper. Everything that the designer has seen up to that point constitutes the base of the idea from which his current design is derived. That is because every form and shape in nature is a design. No human designer can design something that they have never seen or never known.
Let us examine the way that a design follows in the formation of a new design: first, the designer determines the material and purpose of the design. Then the designer determines the potential user, the needs of the user and therefore the parametres of the design.
Among all career groups in the world, industrial product designers are probably those who need the least material while working. That is because besides hard work, a good design requires primarily devising clever ideas or subsidiary details during the process. At the beginning, a designer needs nothing more than a clean sheet of paper and a pen. While forming his design, he of course reviews and takes precedent examples as models.
The designer sketches hundreds of different alternatives for months. Then these ideas are reviewed and, from among them, the most functional and aesthetic is selected for production, after which details of feasible production are studied.
First, a scale model of the product is made, which transfers two dimensional ideas into three dimensions. After further refinements, an actual size model of the product can be constructed. All of these processes may take years. During this time, the model is also experimented with and tested for user friendliness.

robot hand hand1 hand2
No industrial design can compete with nature. No robotic hand can match the flawlessly functional creation of a human hand.

A new design introduced into the market is naturally first evaluated by its appearance by consumers. In general the primary factor in the sales of a product is appearance, i.e. shape, colour, etc. and second, functionality.
Therefore, the process from initial conception to production is quite extensive. In fact, the Sole Owner of all designs is One Who has power over all things. God creates all creatures flawlessly through a single command: ”be”.
The faculty of creating from nothing and without precedent belongs to God alone. Humans just copy these examples. Furthermore, the human designer is himself a wonderful creation. God created creatures and humans from nothing and bestowed on humans the skills for designing.
For many things that we think are the result of human design there are precedents in nature. The structures and technological products that emerge after years of research had already been present in nature for millions of years.
Aware of these facts, designers, architects and scientists choose to follow the exemplary properties of God’s creations in designing new products.


Designs in nature are always an endless source of inspiration. The majority of the products of modern technology imitate designs found in nature.

Dolphins and Submarines

The snout of dolphins has been a design model for the bow in modern ships. By the help of this structure, ships save almost 25% of their fuel consumption. After a four-year research, German submarine engineers managed to make a synthetic coating having the same feature as that of the dolphin's skin. A 250% increase in the speed of submarines was observed in those in which these coatings were used.

Dolphins and Submarines
Whales and Flippers

Whales have two horizontally flattened divisions in their large tails. Monofins facilitate a similar swimming style as whales, which is ideal for scuba diving.


Rabbits and Snowshoes

The North American rabbit has large feet covered with fur, which prevents it from getting stuck in the snow. Snowshoes essentially do the same thing for humans.


Mountain Goats and Boots

The feet of mountain goats are perfect for climbing rocky hills even under snowy and icy conditions. Many hiking boots and climbing shoes are designed with inspiration from the hoofs of these animals.

Mountain Goats and Boots


Velcro Bandages and Burrs

The Swiss engineer Georges de Mestral invented a new buttoning system called the Velcro Bandage by imitating burrs (burdock seeds).
After spending a great deal of effort in getting rid of these parts of plants sticking to his clothes, Mestral thought to use the system of these plants in the clothing industry. He formed the same clasping system in an overcoat, which consists of one strip of nylon with loops, and another with hooks.
Due to the flexibility of the loops and curls, the system attaches and detaches easily, without wearing out. This is why the suits of astronauts are today equipped with Velcro bandages.

Bone Structure and Architectural Structures

The porous inner structure of bones makes them resistant to pressure, especially at the joints where the bone structure is enlarged. This special design of bones creates both lightness and durability. Architects copy this system in many structures.


Forearm System and Robots

Many of today’s industrial institutions utilise machinery instead of manpower. Especially popular are the robotic arms that imitate the mechanism of the human arm, which can repeatedly and unceasingly make the same movement. Human muscular and skeletal system are taken as a model in the production of these robots.


Insects and Robot Technology

It is not only architects who benefit from study of the creation. The engineers who developed robot technologies examined insects for inspiration. Robots constructed upon the model of insect legs prove to stand with better equilibrium. When suction pads are installed on the feet of these robots, they can climb walls just like flies. A particular robot constructed by a Japanese corporation can walk on the ceiling just like an insect. The corporation utilises this robot to inspect under bridges by means of sensors attached to its body.

The American army has been known to be exploring micro machines for a long time. According to Professor Johannes Smith, a motor smaller than 0.039 inch (one millimetre) can drive a robot the size of an ant. A robot such as this is under consideration for use in a small army of ant-like robots in order to penetrate behind enemy lines undetected and damage jet engines, radars and computer terminals. Two of Japan’s largest industrial corporations, Mitsubishi and Matsushita, have already taken the first steps in collaborating on the subject. The outcome of this collaboration is a minute robot weighing 0.015 ounce (0.42 gram) and walking 13 feet (4 metres) a minute.

From an Insect to a Modern Train Station In 1987, French politicians commissioned the architect Santiago Calatrava to design Lyon-Stolas, the station for the TGV super fast train. They aimed at expressing the structure of the station in a way which would make it a glamorous, attractive and landmark symbol. Concrete columns support this dinosaur rib-cage like structure, the inspiration for which comes from an insect. Green and blue lights that could easily be found on an insect’s shell highlight the structure. Since the grand opening in July 1994, the station has been recognised as a masterpiece.

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