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Signs Of God, Design In Nature
A thorough examination of the feathers of a bird, the sonar system of a bat or the wing structure of a fly...

Futuyma's Bosphorus Errors
A conference was recently
held at the Bosphorus
University (BU) in Istanbul,
following another held at
the Middle East Technical
University (METU), Turkey,
to which the State University of New York's
evolutionary biologist
Douglas J. Futuyma was
invited as a guest of the
METU Biology Department
teaching staff member
Aykut Kence.

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Nature and Technology

Every single animal possesses many astonishing features given to it at creation. Some enjoy the ideal hydrodynamic form to allow them to move through water; others use rather outlandish sensory devices. Most of these are devices that mankind has encountered for the first time, or has just begun to grasp. Thanks to the science of biomimicry, products emerging from the imitation of these extraordinary discoveries will no doubt be employed frequently in our future.

515-Million-Year-Old Optic Design

In an article published in American Scientist, the well-known US scientific magazine, Andrew R. Parker states that he and his colleagues examined a mummified fly preserved in amber resin for 45 million years. There was a periodic grating structure on the curved surfaces of the fly ommatidia (individual visual organs composing the fly's compound eye). Analyzing the reflective properties of this structure, they realized that the fly-eye structure was a very efficient antireflector, particularly at high angles of incidence. This hypothesis was indeed confirmed in later studies.

Thanks to these findings and others, today’s scientists have determined how to greatly increase the efficiency of solar absorbers and solar panels used to provide energy for satellites. Work is currently under way to reduce the angular reflection of infrared (heat) and other light waves by mimicking the fly-eye structure. Most suitable for use in solar panel surfaces, the fly-eye grating has also done away with the necessity for expensive equipment to ensure that these panels are always directly facing the Sun. (1)

Only recently have space technologists discovered and imitated this design, but flies have possessed it for millions of years. Similar structures have recently been discovered also on some Burgess Shale fossils, 515 million years old. Permitting very acute and color vision, this design shows just what a superior product of creation it really is. But such evidence can be comprehended only by believers—those who can use their reason to comprehend that everything that exists is under God’s control.

space center fly head fle eyes fly eye2

Stenocara: A Fully-Fledged Water Capturing Unit

stenocoraIn the desert, where few living things are to be found, some species possess the most astonishing  designs. One of these is the tenebrinoid beetle Stenocara, which lives in the Namib Desert, in Southern Africa. A report in the November 1, 2001, edition of Nature describes how this beetle collects the water so vital to its survival.

Stenocara’s water capture system basically depends on a special feature of its back, whose surface is covered with tiny bumps. The surface of the regions between these bumps is wax-coated, though the peaks of the bumps are wax-free. This allows the beetle to collect in a more productive manner.
Stenocara extracts from the air the water vapor that occurs only rarely in its desert environment. What is remarkable is how it separates out the water from the desert air, where tiny water droplets evaporate very quickly due to heat and wind. Such droplets, weighing almost nothing, are borne along parallel to the ground by the wind. The beetle, behaving as if it knew this, tilts its body forwards into the wind. Thanks to its unique design, droplets form on the wings and roll down the beetle's surface to its mouthparts. (2)

The article about Stenocara included the following comment: “The mechanism by which water is extracted from the air and formed into large droplets has so far not been explained, despite its biomimetic potential.” (3)

Examining the features of this beetle’s back under an electron microscope, scientists established that it’s a perfect model for water-trapping tent and building coverings, or water condensers and engines. Designs of such a complex nature cannot come about just by themselves or through natural events. Also, it’s impossible for a tiny beetle to have “invented” any system of such extraordinary design. Just Stenocara alone is sufficient to prove that our Creator designed everything that exists.

100% Efficient Light-Generating Fireflies


firefly luciferin

Firefly luciferin is the small molecule responsible for the glow of fireflies. The oxidation of this molecule by the enzyme luciferase results in the emission of light resulting in the magical glow observed.
lamp light

From the tip of their abdomens, fireflies produce greeny-yellow light. This light is produced in cells containing a chemical called luciferin, which reacts with oxygen and an enzyme known as luciferase.The beetle can turn the light on and off by varying the amount of air entering its cells from its breathing tubes. A normal household bulb has a productivity level of 10%, the other 90% of the energy being wasted as heat. But in a firefly, almost 100% of the energy produced is light, representing with this very efficient process, a target for scientists to aim for. (4)

What force allows fireflies to engage in such a high level of efficiency? According to evolutionists, the answer lies in unconscious atoms, happenstance, or other external factors with no propulsive force; none of which can possess the power to actually initiate such productive activity. God’s art is infinite and incomparable. In many verses of the Qur’an, God speaks of the need for people to use  reason to consider and draw lessons from what He has created. Therefore, man’s responsibility is to consider God's miracles and turn only towards Him.


(1) Parker, A.R., “Light-reflection strategies,” American Scientist (1999a) 87 (3), 248-255; uk/Biomim/00parker.htm
(2) Parker, A. R., “Water capture by a desert beetle,” Nature 414, 2001, pp. 33-34.
(3) Ibid.
(4) Stuart Blackman, “Fatal Flasher,” BBC Wildlife, April 1998, vol.16, no.4, p. 60.

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